Encrypting and Decrypting SAML Response XML

This topic illustrates how to encrypt a SAML Response XML on the Identity website and decrypt the XML on the Service Provider website.

Encrypting a SAML Response XML:

Instead of adding an unencrypted SAML Assertion to the SAML response with

// Add assertion to the SAML response object.

, we need to create an EncryptedAssertion object from the unencrypted Assertion object and add the EncryptedAssertion object to the SAML response object as shown in the code below:

// Load the certificate for the encryption.
// Please make sure the file is in the root directory.
X509Certificate2 encryptingCert = new X509Certificate2(Path.Combine(HttpRuntime.AppDomainAppPath, "EncryptionX509Certificate.cer"), "password");
// Create an encrypted SAML assertion from the SAML assertion we have created.
EncryptedAssertion encryptedSamlAssertion = new EncryptedAssertion(samlAssertion, encryptingCert, new System.Security.Cryptography.Xml.EncryptionMethod(SamlKeyAlgorithm.TripleDesCbc));
// Add encrypted assertion to the SAML response object.

Decrypting the SAML Response XML:

To read the encrypted SAML response from the IdP on the Service Provider website, you need to decrypt it and convert to an Assertion object. The following code demonstrates how to do so:

if (samlResponse.GetEncryptedAssertions().Count > 0)
   EncryptedAssertion encryptedAssertion = samlResponse.GetEncryptedAssertions()[0];

   // Load the private key.
   // Consider caching the loaded key in a production environment for better performance.
   X509Certificate2 decryptionKey = new X509Certificate2(Path.Combine(HttpRuntime.AppDomainAppPath, "EncryptionKey.pfx"), "password");

   // Decrypt the encrypted assertion.
   samlAssertion = encryptedAssertion.Decrypt(decryptionKey.PrivateKey, null);
   throw new ApplicationException("No encrypted assertions found in the SAML response");

How about decrypting encrypted attributes?

Very simple. All you need to do is to load a private key file for decrypting attributes and call the Decrypt method of the EncryptedAttribute class. The following code demonstrates how to do so.

// Load the SAML response from the XML document.
Response samlResponse = new Response(xmlDocument.DocumentElement);

// Access the first assertion object.
Assertion assertion = (Assertion)samlResponse.Assertions[0];

if (assertion.AttributeStatements[0].EncryptedAttributes.Count > 0)
   // Load the private key file.
   X509Certificate2 certificate = new X509Certificate2(privateCertificateFile, "password");

   // Loop through the encrypted attributes list.
   foreach (EncryptedAttribute encryptedAttribute in assertion.AttributeStatements[0].EncryptedAttributes)
       // Get the encrypted key.
       EncryptedKey encryptedKey = encryptedAttribute.GetEncryptedKeyObjects()[0];

       // Decrypt the encrypted attribute.
       ComponentPro.Saml2.Attribute decryptedAttribute = encryptedAttribute.Decrypt(certificate.PrivateKey, encryptedKey, null);

       // ...
   // Loop through the encrypted attributes list.
   foreach (ComponentPro.Saml2.Attribute attribute in assertion.AttributeStatements[0].Attributes)
       // TODO: Your code here.

       // ...

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